What mosquito repellent products are safe and effective for children?

12-Aug-2021 AOGRAND
In summer, children are very susceptible to mosquito bites, many people choose to use mosquito coils as a means of repelling mosquitoes. But if children are still young, can they also use mosquito coils? Merchants took advantage of parents' safety-oriented mentality and launched a wide range of "infant-specific" mosquito repellent products. They may improve safety by reducing the content of active ingredients, but at the same time, the effect of mosquito repellent will be greatly reduced. Isn’t there a safe and effective mosquito repellent product that is really suitable for infants and young children?

First, let's understand the main ingredients of mosquito repellent products:
Approved by the US Environmental Protection Agency, it can be used on the skin, and there are seven safe mosquito repellent ingredients, and the CDC recommends the following four that can be used for adults (including pregnant women and breastfeeding women):
  •  DEET
  •  Packardin
  •  Mosquito repellent
  •  Lemon Eucalyptus
Among them, Pacaridin and DEET are recognized by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) as mosquito repellent ingredients that are truly suitable for infants and young children.

DEET, its chemical name is diethyl toluamide. DEET was developed and patented by the US Department of Agriculture during World War II. This product was designated as a mosquito repellent product used by the US Army in 1946. In 1957, it was registered as an insect repellent by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and began to be used for civilian use. It was initially used as an insecticide on farms. Later, the U.S. government applied for its use during wars, especially in Vietnam and Southeast Asia.

So far, DEET-containing products have been widely used, and their safety has been tested in history. They are regarded as safe mosquito repellent ingredients by many public health agencies, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA, 1998) and the U.S. Disease Control Center (CDC, 2013), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP, 2005), World Health Organization (WHO, 2012).

Studies have shown that when the concentration of DEET is less than 50%, the higher its concentration, the longer it will take to repel mosquitoes. But this is not to say that the more DEET is used, the better, because DEET itself is volatile, it will irritate the mucous membranes of the human body, may cause contact dermatitis in sensitive people, and may also cause Human eye discomfort. Therefore, we should try to avoid long-term and repeated use of DEET to prevent mosquitoes to babies. It is best to use the smear method when using it on the baby, not to use the spray method to reduce the risk of eye contact and inhalation.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (APP) recommends that children not use mosquito repellent products with a concentration of more than 30% DEET, while Health Canada’s recommendations are more stringent. Babies under 6 months of age should not use mosquito repellent products; those under 2 years old Babies should not use it more than once a day; babies from 2 to 12 years old should use DEET anti-mosquito products with a concentration of less than 10%, and can only use them three times a day.

Picaridin was developed by Bayer in Germany in the 1880s and began to be used in the United States in 2005. Pacaridin evaporates from the skin more slowly than DEET and mosquito repellent, which makes it longer to repel mosquitoes. EPA registration data show that 20% concentration of Pacaridin can prevent mosquitoes and ticks for 8 to 14 hours, and 10% concentration can prevent 3.5 to 8 hours.

Pacaridin can also irritate the eyes, but there is no risk of DEET damaging nerves. It is safer than DEET, but its long-term safety has not been verified. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics have not given age recommendations for the use of picaridin. The Canadian government recommends that infants under 6 months of age should not use mosquito repellent products containing picaridin.

Mosquito repellent
Mosquito repellent, abbreviated as BAAPE, also known as IR3535, was developed by Merck in Germany in the 1870s and started to be used in the United States in 1999.
Mosquito repellent is an excellent mosquito repellent and has a good repellent effect on mosquitoes, midges, gadfly, sandflies, etc. The effect of mosquito repellent to repel mosquitoes is slightly worse than that of DEET. A 20% concentration of mosquito repellent can repel mosquitoes for 8 hours and repel ticks for 6 to 12 hours.

Mosquito repellent can irritate the eyes, but compared with DEET, it is less toxic and less irritating. In the 20 years of using mosquito repellent as a mosquito repellent in Europe, no toxic reaction has been found.

The US Centers for Disease Control does not provide age recommendations for the use of mosquito repellent. But note that all insect repellents should not be used on infants under two months of age.

Lemon Eucalyptus Oil
Lemon eucalyptus oil, PMD for short, is an extract of Australian eucalyptus. The US Environmental Protection Agency documents show that the maximum protection time of lemon eucalyptus oil against mosquitoes and ticks is shorter than that of DEET. 30% lemon eucalyptus oil can repel mosquitoes and ticks for 6 hours.

Lemon eucalyptus oil is a biochemical pesticide, and the US Environmental Protection Agency defines it as a natural non-toxic ingredient that can control pests. However, in-depth research has not been conducted on children's use, so the US Centers for Disease Control and the Canadian government recommend not to use products containing lemon eucalyptus oil for children under 3 years old. In addition, the citronellol in lemon eucalyptus oil is a known allergen, which can cause skin allergies in children.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Defense (CDC) recommends the use of mosquito repellent ingredients certified by the US EPA, including DEET, Pacaridin, Mosquito Repellent and Lemon Eucalyptus. Most products containing these four mosquito repellent ingredients are It can be used by Anxin for babies, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers.

Points to note when buying children's mosquito repellent products:
1. Focus on the product brand
First of all, large brands generally have relatively strict and high-quality product production lines, and are much stricter in R&D, monitoring and production than small brands or unknown brands. Therefore, quality and safety are also more guaranteed. Secondly, near the summer when mosquitoes are plentiful, many small and medium-sized manufacturers may have operations to reduce product quality indicators in order to accelerate their entry into the market. These products generally have quality problems, and some may even endanger the baby's health for a long time. So big brands are relatively safer. When buying, you must also buy through regular channels.

2. Focus on product qualification According to the definition of pesticides in the "Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Pesticide Management" promulgated and implemented in 1997, the management of mosquito repellent products also belongs to the scope of pesticide management. The registration of mosquito repellent products containing DEET and mosquito repellent is the same as the registration of common sanitary insecticides. The label of qualified products should have the words "pesticide" and three certificates of pesticide registration (pesticide production license or pesticide production approval Documents, pesticide standards and pesticide registration certificate) number, otherwise it is an illegal product.
Suning mosquito repellent products are your good choice. Suning is a brand of Jiangsu AoGrand Daily Chemical Group Co., Ltd. It belongs to AoGrand Group, which has more than 20 years of professional scientific research and production experience. Its products are mainly concentrated in mosquito killing products, covering Mosquito coils, electric mosquito coils, electric mosquito coils, insecticide sprays, etc., with complete product varieties, specifications, and inventory. The products are the first to pass ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001 three management system certifications, and CE, FDA, SDS and other international certifications, Product quality is guaranteed. Suning is committed to providing more professional and healthier mosquito killing and household cleaning solutions, and strives to protect the health of every family! Is your trusted international brand!

Precautions for using children's mosquito repellent products:
1. Mosquito repellent products should only be used on exposed skin and clothing, not in contact with eyes and mouth, and should be used sparingly on ears, and not excessive use.
2. Do not let children apply mosquito repellent products on their own. Adults should apply mosquito repellent products to their hands first, and then apply them to children. Avoid applying them to children’s hands or around the eyes, nose and mouth.
3. Mosquito repellent products should not be used on the affected area of the skin. Mosquito repellent and DEET will cause a certain irritation to the skin, which may aggravate the symptoms of dermatitis. Therefore, it is best not for babies with dermatitis or skin wounds on the affected area. Use mosquito repellent products.
4. Mosquito repellent products should be placed out of the reach of children to prevent children from being hurt by accidental ingestion.
5. Do not use mosquito repellent products containing DEET and sunscreen products containing benzophenone at the same time, because these two ingredients are at the same time
After acting on the skin, it will be metabolized in the body into some toxic products.



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